Background of TAMIR

HAREN - Hazard Assessment based on Rainfall European Nowcasts 

The HAREN EU Civil Protection Prevention project (230301/2011/614151/SUB/A5-HAREN) improved the algorithms previously developed in the FP7 project IMPRINTS and developed its adaptation to provide European-wide high-resolution rainfall nowcastings (every 15 minutes with lead times up to 8 hours) using the European radar composites provided by EUMETNET OPERA. Also, within the project, a prototype of hazard identification system has been developed showing the potential added value of the radar nowcasts to the anticipation of hazards induced by precipitation at local scale and over Europe.

EDHIT - European Demonstration of an enhanced rainfall and lightning induced Hazard Identification nowcasting Tool

As the follow-up of HAREN, the EDHIT project (ECHO/SUB/2013/661005) accomplished to enhance algorithms for rainfall and lightning induced Hazard Identification nowcasting and developed a robust demonstration tool in real-time able to support the emergency management of disaster events caused by heavy rainfalls.

This work inspired the ERICHA project to follow its legacy and to anticipate further integration of these high added-value products into the real-time operational platform of the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS), which provides direct support to the European Response Coordination Centre (ERCC) of the DG ECHO.

Go to the EDHIT website

ERICHA - Integrating a European rainfall-induced hazard assessment system

ERICHA was the third project of successful EC Civil Protection Prevention projects focusing on assessing and anticipating hazards triggered by intense precipitation. Previously, HAREN (2012-2013) established the proof of concept of radar-based preciptation nowcasting at European scale using the EUMETNET OPERA rainfall mosaics. And EDHIT (2014-2015) performed a European demonstration of the 24/7 products developed within HAREN.

The success story they represent is the follow up of the RTD FP7 project IMPRINTS (FP7-ENV-2008-1-226555), in which the basic knowledge and the algorithms applied in HAREN-EDHIT-ERICHA were developed. All together represent ten years of continuous research and developments oriented to support the implementation of advanced tools for Flash Flood Early Warnings in Europe.

The inclusion of the ERICHA rainfall radar nowcastings and the FF-EWS hazard indicators in the European Flood Awareness System (EFAS), complements the Flash Flood warning tools presently available in EFAS (based in Numerical Weather Prediction models, which were developed in the IMPRINTS project too), and extend its capabilities to the short range forecasts providing new high resolution forecasts and warnings up to the next 6 hours.

More details can be found in the ERICHA website.

SMUFF - Seamless probabilistic multi-source forecasting of heavy rainfall hazards for European flood awareness

As the fourth project in the series of successful EC Civil Protection Prevention projects, the SMUFF project (UCPM-2017-PP-PREV-AG-783237) continued to develop tools for assessing and forecasting the hazards and risks induced by intense rainfall and severe storms (e.g. flash floods, urban floods, landslides) in the scales from individual towns to pan-European. This was achieved by combining multi-instrument pan-European precipitation observations together with state-of-the-art forecasting methods. The end products were a set of tools for seamless probabilistic high-resolution hazard and risk forecasting for lead times from 15 minutes to 5 days and tools for nowcasting urban flood hazard caused by convective storms. The tools provided useful support for decision making in emergency operations.

More details are available on the SMUFF website.